For general information about our research by science writers in various magazine see this link: Magazine and General articles
Journal articles recently published:
Strullu-Derrien, C., M. Philippe, K. Kendrick and R. A. Blanchette. 2021. Blue Stain fungi infecting an 84-million-year-old conifer from South Africa. New Phytologist https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.17843
Otto EC, B. W. Held, T. J. Gould and R. A. Blanchette. 2021. Fungal diversity in multiple post-harvest aged red pine stumps and their potential influence on Heterobasidion root rot in managed stands across Minnesota. Frontiers in Fungal Biology 2:782181. doi: 10.3389/ffunb.2021.782181
Rajtar N. N., B. W. Held and R. A. Blanchette. 2021. Fungi from galleries of the emerald ash borer produce cankers in ash trees. Forests 12(11):1509. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12111509 Reprint
Davis, S. L., H. Sadek, C. G. Chemello, G. D. Smith, P. B. Hatchfield, R. A. Blanchette, A. Abdel-Azeem and J. Richards. 2021. Conservation of severely deteriorated, dry painted wood: A case study from Abydos, Egypt. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation DOI: 10.1080/01971360.2021.1951551 Reprint
Toapanta -Alban, C. E., M. E. Ordoñez, C. W. Barnes and R. A. Blanchette. 2021. Taxonomy of the major rhizomorphic species of the "Melanopus group" within Polyporaceae in Yasuni National Park, Ecuador. PLOS ONE https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0254567 Reprint
Blanchette, R. A., D. T. Haynes, B. W. Held, J. Niemann and N. Wales. 2021. Fungal mycelial mats used as textile by Indigenous People of North America. Mycologia 113:261-267. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00275514.2020.1858686 Reprint
Min, B., B. Wu, J. Gaskell, J. Zhang, C. Toapanta, S. Ahrendt, R. A. Blanchette, E. Master, D. Cullen, D. S. Hibbett and I. V. Grigoriev. 2021. RNA-editing in Basidiomycota, revisited. ISME Communications 1(70): https://www.nature.com/articles/s43705-021-00037-9
Wu, B., J. Gaskell, B. W. Held, C. Toapanta, T. Vuong, S. Ahrendt, A.Lipzen, J. Zhang, J. S. Schilling, E. Master, I. V. Grigoriev, R. A. Blanchette, D. Cullen and D. S. Hibbett. 2021. Substrate-specific differential gene expression and RNA editing in the brown rot fungus Fomitopsis pinicola. Applied Environmental Microbiolology https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00329-21
Held, B. W. S. Simeto, N. N. Rajtar, A. J. Cotton, D. N. Showalter, K. E. Bushley and R. A. Blanchette. 2021. Fungi associated with galleries of the emerald ash borer. Fungal Biology -First view online: Reprint
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held, J. Jurgens, A. Stear and C. Dupont. 2021. Fungi attacking historic wood of Fort Conger and the Peary Huts in the High Arctic. PLOS ONE 16(1): e0246049. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0246049 Reprint
Otto, E., B. Held, S. Redford and R. A. Blanchette. 2021. "Detecting Heterobasidion irregulare in Minnesota and Assessment of Indigenous Fungi on Pines" Forests 12, no. 1: 57. Reprint
Blanchette, R. A. 2020. Imperial Fungal Treasures of the Qianlong Emperor. FUNGI Magazine Fall 2020 13(3):33-40. Reprint
Beier, G. L. and R. A. Blanchette. 2020, Xylem characteristics in Ulmus americana cultivars and their potential use as a preliminary screening methods for Dutch elm disease resistance. Forest Pathology 50: DOI:10.1111/efp.12638 Reprint
Beier, G. L., C. D. Lund, B. W. Held, R. C. Ploetz, J. L. Konkol and R. A. Blanchette. 2020. Variation in xylem characteristics of botanical races of Persea americana and their potential influence on susceptilility to the pathogen Raffaelea lauricola. Tropical Plant Pathology 46:232-239. doi.org/10.1007/s40858-020-00397-y Reprint
Pedersen, N. B., H. Matthiesen, R. A. Blanchette, G. Alfredsen, B. W. Held, A. Westergaard-Nielsen and J. Hollesen. 2020. Fungal attack on archaeological wooden artefacts in the Arctic - implications in a changing climate. Nature: Scientific Reports 10:14377: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-71518-5 Reprint
Held, B. W., C. E. Salomon and R. A. Blanchette. 2020. Diverse subterranean fungi of an undeground iron ore mine. PLOS ONE 15(6): e0234208. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234208
Schilling, J. S., J. T. Kaffenberg, B. W. Held, R. Ortiz and R. A. Blanchette. 2020. Using wood rot phenotypes to illuminate the "gray" among decomposer fungi. Frontiers in Microbiology 12 June 2020. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2020.01288
Skelton, J., A. Loyd, J.A. Smith, R. A. Blanchette, B. W. Held and J. Hulcr. 2020. Fungal symbionts of bark and ambrosia beetles can suppress decomposition of pine sapwood by competing with wood-decay fungi Fungal Ecology 45: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2020.100926 Reprint
Rusman, Y., M. B. Wilson, J. M. Williams, B. W. Held, R. A. Blanchette, B. N. Anderson, C. R. Lupfer and C. E. Salomon. 2020. Antifungal Norditerpene Oidiolactones from the fungus Oidiodendron truncatum, a potential biocontrol agent for white-nose syndrome in bats. Journal of Natural Products 83:344-353. https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b00789 Reprint
Loyd, A. L. and R. A. Blanchette. 2019. Glossy with Grandeur: The laccate Ganoderma of North America. FUNGI Magazine, Spring 2019, 12(1):30-36. Reprint
Held, B. W. and R. A. Blanchette. 2019. Analysis of the timbers of the Egadi warship. In: The Site of the Battle of the Aegates Islands at the End of the First Punic War: Fieldwork, Analyses and Perspectives. J. G. Royal and S. Tusa (editors). Bibliotheca Archaeologica 62, L’Erma di Bretschneider Publishers, Rome.
Abdel-Azeem, A., B. W. Held, J. E. Richards, S. L. Davis and R. A. Blanchette. 2019. Assessment of biodegradation in ancient archaeological wood from the Middle Cemetery at Abydos, Egypt. PLOS ONE14(3): e0213753. Reprint
Loyd, A. L., E. T. Linder, M.E. Smith, R. A. Blanchette and J. A. Smith. 2019. Cultural characteristics and chlamydospore function of the Ganodermataceace present in the eastern United States. Mycologia https://doi.org/10.1080/00275514.2018.1543509 Reprint
Blanchette, R. A. 2018. Wood Decay: The action behind the polypores. FUNGI Magazine 11(4):10-19. Reprint
Loyd, A. L., C. W. Barnes, B. W. Held, M. J. Schink, M. E. Smith, J. A. Smith and R. A. Blanchette. 2018. Elucidating "lucidum": Distinquishing the diverse laccate Ganoderma species of the United States. PLOS ONE https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0199738
Albores, S., P. Sanguinedo, B. H. Held, M. P. Cerdeiras and R. A. Blanchette. 2018. Biodiversity and antimicrobial activity of Antarctic fungi from the Fildes Peninsula, King George Island. Sydowia 70: 185-191. Reprint
Lalrinawmi, H., J. Zothanzama, B. W. Held, J. M. C. Vabeikhokei, Zohmangaiha and R. A. Blanchette. 2018. The gilled mushroom Amanita spissacea (Amanitaceae): A new report for India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 10:12413-12417. Reprint
Loyd, A. L., B. S. Richter, M A. Jusino, C. Truong, M. E. Smith R. A. Blanchette and J. A. Smith. 2018. Identifying the "Mushroom of Immortality": Assessing the Ganoderma species composition in commercial reishi products. Frontiers in Microbiology https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01557
Held, B. W., D. Hoffmeister and R. A. Blanchette. 2018. Occurrence of European Tar Spot (Rhytisma acerinum) on Norway Maple (Acer platanoides) causing severe infections in Minnesota. Plant Disease 102:2655. https://apsjournals.apsnet.org/doi/10.1094/PDIS-05-18-0816-PDN Reprint
Loyd, A. L., E. R. Linder, N. A. Anger, B. S. Richter, R. A. Blanchette and J. A. Smith. 2018. Pathogenicity of Ganoderma species on landscape trees in the southeastern United States. Plant Disease 102:1944-1949. Reprint
Beier, G. L. and R. A. Blanchette. 2018. Defense responses in the xylem of Ulmus americana cultivars after inoculation with Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Forest Pathology 48 (6): DOI: 10.1111/efp.12453
Loyd, A. L., B. W. Held, E. R. Linder, J. A. Smith and R. A. Blanchette. 2018. Elucidating wood decomposition by four species of Ganoderma from the United States. Fungal Biology 122:254-263. Reprint
Rusman, Y., B. W. Held, R. A. Blanchette, Y. He and C. E. Salomon. 2018. Cadopherone and colomitide polyketides from Cadophora wood-rot fungi associated with historic expedition huts in Antarctica. Phytochemistry 148:1-10. Reprint
Abdel-Azeem, A.M., Blanchette, R. A. and Held, B. W. 2018. New record of Chaetomium grande Asgari & Zare (Chaetomiaceae) for the Egyptian and African mycobiota. Phytotaxa 343 (3):283-288. Reprint
Blanchette, R. A. 2017. Extraordinary fungal masks used by the Indigenous People of North America and Asia. FUNGI Magazine 10 (3): 8-12. Reprint
Beier, G. L., B. W. Held, C. P. Giblin, J. Cavender-Bares and R. A. Blanchette. 2017. American elm cultivars: Variation in compartmentalization of infection by Ophiostoma novo-ulmi and its effects on hydraulic conductivity. Forest Pathology 46(6) DOI: 10.1111/efp.12369. Reprint
Zothanzama, J., R. A. Blanchette, B. W. Held and C. W. Barnes. 2017. Ganoderma mizoramense sp. nov. A new Ganoderma species from Mizoram, India. Persoonia 38: 326-327. Fungal Planet Description Sheets # 597. Reprint
Blanchette, R. A., Held, B. W. and Abdel-Azeem, A.M. 2017. New record of Chaetomium iranianum MF787598 (Chaetomiaceae) for the Egyptian and African mycobiota. Microbial Biosystems Journal 2 (2):6-9. Reprint
Wilson, M. B., B. W. Held, A. H. Freiborg, R. A. Blanchette and C. E. Salomon. 2017. Resource capture and competitive ability of non-pathogenic Pseudogymnoascus spp. and P. destructans, the cause of white-nose syndrome in bats. PLoS ONE 12 (6): e0178968. Reprint
Beier, G. L., B. W. Held, C. P. Giblin, and R. A. Blanchette. 2017. Effects of inoculation timing on symptom development in Ulmus americana L. In: Proceedings of the American Elm Restoration Workshop 2016. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report NRS-P-174, pages 30-36. Reprint
Blanchette, R. A. and P. Davoli. 2017. Historic wonders of the fungal world: The evil demon hand and Fungus digitatus. FUNGI Magazine 10 (1): 17-21. Reprint
Held, B. W. and R. A. Blanchette. 2017. Deception Island Antarctica harbors a diverse assemblage of wood decay fungi. Fungal Biology 121:145-157. Reprint
Loyd, A. L. J. A. Smith, B. S. Richter, R. A. Blanchette and M. E. Smith. 2017. The laccate Ganoderma of Southeastern United States: A cosmopolitan and important genus of wood decay fungi. University of Florida IFAS Extension Bulletin # PP333 6 pages. Reprint
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held, L. Hellmann, L. Millman and U. Büntgen. 2016. Arctic driftwood reveals unexpectedly rich fungal diversity. Fungal Ecology 23:58-65. Reprint
Oron, A., N. Liphschitz, B. W. Held, E. Galili, M. Klein, R. Linker and R. A. Blanchette. 2016. Characterization of archaeological wooden objects exposed on the hyper-saline Dead Sea shore. Jouranl of Archaeological Science:Reports 9:73-86. Reprint
Hibbett, D., R. A. Blanchette, P. Kenrick and B. Mills. 2016. Climate, decay and the death of the coal forests. Current Biology 26:R563-R567. Reprint
Schwenk, D., P. Brandt, R. A. Blanchette, M. Nett and D. Hoffmeister. 2016. Unexpected metabolic versatility in a combined fungal Fomannoxin/Vibralactone biosynthesis. Journal of Natural Products 79:1407-1414. Reprint
Otto, E. C., R. A. Blanchette, B. W. Held, C. W. Barnes and M. Obodai. 2016. Ganoderma mbrekobenum, a new species of Ganoderma from Ghana. Fungal Planet Description Sheets #449. Persoonia 36:416-417. Reprint
Gaskell, J., R. A. Blanchette, P. E. Stewart, S. Splinter, M. Adams, G. Sabat, P. Kersten and D. Cullen. 2016. Transcriptome and secretome analyses of the wood decay fungus Wolfiporia cocos support alternative mechanisms of lignocellulose conversion. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 82: 3979-3987. Reprint
Zothanzama, J., R. A. Blanchette, S. Redford, B. W. Held, Zohmangaiha, J. M. C. Vabeikhokhei. 2016. Using molecular characterization as a tool for identification of fungi from Mizoram, India. Pages 165-177. In Eckman, K. and L. Ralte (editors) Integrated Land Use Management in the Eastern Himalayas. Vol. 2. Akansha Publishing House, New Delhi.
Blanchette, R. A. 2015. A rare wonder of the fungal world. FUNGI magazine 8: 28-31. Reprint
Otto, E. C., R. A. Blanchette, C. W. Barnes and B. W. Held. 2015. Ganoderma wiiroense, a new species of Ganoderma from Ghana. Persoonia (Fungal Planet Description Sheets) 35:316-317.
Blanchette, R. A., J. A. Jurgens and H. Heuveling van Beek. 2015. Growing Aquilaria and Production of Agarwood in Hill Agro-ecosystems. In: Integrated Land Use Management in the Eastern Himalayas. Edited by: K. Eckman and L. Ralte. Akansha Publishing House Delhi. Pages 66-82. Reprint
Rusman, Y., B. W. Held, R. A. Blanchette, S. Wittlin and C. E. Salomon. 2015. Soudanones A–G: Antifungal Isochromanones from the Ascomycetous Fungus Cadophora sp. Isolated from an Iron Mine. Journal of Natural Products. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00204
Floudas, D. B. W. Held, R. Riley, L. G. Nagy, G. Koehler, A. S. Ransdell, H. Younus, J. Chow, J. Chiniquy, A. Lipzen, A. Tritt, H. Sun, S. Haridas, K. LaButti, R. A. Ohm, U. Kües, R. A. Blanchette, I. V. Grigoriev, R. E. Minto, D. S. Hibbett. 2015. Evolution of novel wood decay mechanisms in Agaricales revealed by the genome sequences of Fistulina hepatica and Cylindrobasidium torrendii. Fungal Genetics and Biology 76:78-92.
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held, D. Mollov, J. Blake and A. W. D’Amato. 2015. First report of Heterobasidion irregulare causing root rot and mortality of red pines in Minnesota. Plant Disease 99: 1038. Reprint
Beier, G. L., S. C. Hokanson, S. T. Bates and R. A. Blanchette. 2015. Aurantioporthe corni gen. et comb. Nov., an endophyte and pathogen of Cornus alternifolia. Mycologia 107:66-79. Reprint
Turchetti, B., L. Selbmann, R. A. Blanchette, S. Di Mauro, E. Marchegiani, L. Zucconi, B. E. Arenz and P. Buzzini. 2015. Cryptococcus vaughanmartiniae sp. nov. and Cryptococcus onofrii sp. nov.: two new species isolated from worldwide cold environments. Extremophiles 19:149-159. Reprint
Schwenk, D., M. Nett, H-M. Dahse, U. Horn, R. A. Blanchette and D. Hoffmeister. 2014. Injury- induced biosynthesis of methyl-branched polyene pigments in a white-rotting basidiomycete. Journal of Natural Products 77:2658-2663. Reprint
Hori, C, T. Ishida, K. Igarashi, M. Samejima, H. Suzuki, E. Master, P. Ferreira, F. J. Ruiz-Duenas, B. Held, P. Canessa, L. F. Larrondo, M. Schmoll, I. S. Druzhinina, C. P. Kubicek, J. A. Gaskell, P. Kersten, F. St. John, J. Glasner, G. Sabat, S. Splinter BonDurant, K. Syed, J. Yadav, A. C. Mgbeahuruike, A. Kovalchuk, F. O. Asiegbu, G. Lackner, D. Hoffmeister, J. Rencoret, A. Gutie rrez, H. Sun, E. Lindquist, K. Barry, R. Riley, I. V. Grigoriev, B. Henrissat, U. Kues, R. M. Berka, A. T. Martınez, S. F. Covert, R. A. Blanchette and D. Cullen. 2014. Analysis of the Phlebiopsis gigantea genome, transcriptome and secretome provides insight into its pioneer colonization strategies of wood. PLoS Genetics 10(12): e1004759. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1004759. Reprint
Coetzee, M.P.A., M. J. Wingfield, S. Marincowitz , R. A. Blanchette. 2014. A new species of Ganoderma, Ganoderma austroafricanum M.P.A. Coetzee, M. J. Wingf, Marinc, Blanchette, sp. nov. Persoonia (Fungal Planet #310) 33:268-269. Reprint
Ortiz, R. and Robert A. Blanchette. 2014. Desfibrado de Maderas obtenidas desde las oficinas salitreras de Humberstone y Santa Laura en Chile. Un sitio del patrimonio mundial (Defibration wood obtained from the Saltpeter Works Humberstone and Santa Laura in Chile. World Heritage Sites). Madera y Bosques 20(3):59-58. Reprint
Gaskell, J., A. Marty, M. Mozuch, P. J. Kersten, S. Splinter BonDurant, G. Sabat, A. Azarpira, J. Ralph, O. Skyba, S. D. Mansfield, R. A. Blanchette, and D. Cullen. 2014. Influence of Populus genotype on gene expression by the wood decay fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 80:5828-5835. Reprint
Riley, R., A. A. Salamov, D. W. Brown, L. G. Nagy, D. Floudas, B. W. Held, A. Levasseur, V. Lombard, E. Morin, R. Otillar, E. A. Lindquist, H. Sun, K. M. LaButti, J. Schmutz, D. Jabbour, H. Luo, S. E. Baker, A. G. Pisabarro, J. D. Walton, R. A. Blanchette, B. Henrissat, F. Martin, D. Cullen, D. S. Hibbett, and I. V. Grigoriev. Extensive sampling of basidiomycete genomes demonstrates inadequacy of the white-rot/brown-rot paradigm for wood decay fungi. 2014. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111:9923-9928. Reprint
Arenz B. E., R. A. Blanchette and R. L. Farrell. 2014. Fungal Diversity in Antarctic Soils. Pages 35-53. In Antarctic Terrestrial Microbiology: Physical and Biological Properties of Antarctic Soils. D. Cowan (ed). Springer, Berlin. Reprint
Berry, T. D., T. R. Filley and R. A. Blanchette. 2014. Oxidative enzymatic responce of white-rot to single-walled carbon nanotubes. Environmental Pollution 193:197-204. Reprint
Oritz, R., M. Parraga, J. Navarrete, I. Carrasco, E. de la Vega, M. Ortiz, P. Herrera, J. A. Jurgens, B. W. Held and R. A. Blanchette. 2014. Investigations of Biodeterioration by Fungi in Historic Wooden Churches of Chiloe, Chile. Microbial Ecology 67:568-575. Reprint
Hujslová, Martina, Alena Kubátová, Martin Kostovčík, Robert A. Blanchette, Z. Wilhelm de Beer, Milada Chudíčková, and Miroslav Kolařík. 2014. Three new genera of fungi from extremely acidic soils. Mycological Progress 13:819-831. Reprint
Espinoza, E. O., C. A. Lancaster, N. M. Kreitals, M. Hata,R. B. Cody and R. A. Blanchette. 2014. Distinguishing wild from cultivated agarwood (Aquilaria spp.) using direct analysis in real time and time of-flight mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 28:281-289. Reprint
Ortiz, R., H. Navarretea, J. Navarrete, M. Párragac, I. Carrasco,E. de la Vegac, M. Ortiz, P. Herrera, and R. A. Blanchette. 2014 Deterioration, decay and identiﬁcation of fungi isolated from wooden structures at the Humberstone and Santa Laura saltpeter works: A world heritage site in Chile. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 86:309-316. Reprint
Ortiz, R., J. Navarrete, C. Oviedo, M. Párraga, I. Carrasco, E. de la Vega, M. Ortiz, R. A. Blanchette. 2013. White rot Basidiomycetes isolated from Chiloé National Park in Los Lagos region, Chile. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 104:1193-1203. Reprint
Schilling, J. S., S. M. Duncan, G. N. Presley, T. R. Filey, J. A. Jurgens and R. A. Blanchette. 2013. Colocalizing incipient reactions in wood degraded by the brown rot fungus Postia placenta. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 83: 56-62. Reprint
Perez, C. A., M. J. Wingfield, N. Altier and R. A. Blanchette. 2013. Species of Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay: evidence of fungal host jumps. Fungal Biology 117:94-102. Reprint
Hellmann, L., W. Tegel, Ó. Eggertsson, F. H. Schweingruber, R. A. Blanchette, A. Kirdyanov, H. Gärtner, and U. Büntgen. 2013. Tracing the origin of Arctic driftwood, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 118: 68–76. Reprint
Floudas, Dimitrios, Manfred Binder, Robert Riley, Kerrie Barry, Robert A. Blanchette, Bernard Henrissat, Angel T. Martínez, Robert Otillar, Joseph W. Spatafora, Jagjit S. Yadav, Andrea Aerts, Isabelle Benoit, Alex Boyd, Alexis Carlson, Alex Copeland, Pedro M. Coutinho, Ronald P. de Vries, Patricia Ferreira, Keisha Findley, Brian Foster, Jill Gaskell, Dylan Glotzer, Paweł Górecki, Joseph Heitman, Cedar Hesse, Chiaki Hori, Kiyohiko Igarashi, Joel A. Jurgens, Nathan Kallen, Phil Kersten, Annegret Kohler, Ursula Kües, T. K. Arun Kumar, Alan Kuo, Kurt LaButti, Luis F. Larrondo, Erika Lindquist, Albee Ling, Vincent Lombard, Susan Lucas, Taina Lundell, Rachael Martin, David J. McLaughlin, Ingo Morgenstern, Emanuelle Morin, Claude Murat, Laszlo G. Nagy, Matt Nolan, Robin A. Ohm, Aleksandrina Patyshakuliyeva, Antonis Rokas, Francisco J. Ruiz-Dueñas, Grzegorz Sabat, Asaf Salamov, Masahiro Samejima, Jeremy Schmutz, Jason C. Slot, Franz St. John, Jan Stenlid, Hui Sun, Sheng Sun, Khajamohiddin Syed, Adrian Tsang, Ad Wiebenga, Darcy Young, Antonio Pisabarro, Daniel C. Eastwood, Francis Martin, Dan Cullen, Igor V. Grigoriev, and David S. Hibbett. The Paleozoic Origin of Enzymatic Lignin Decomposition Reconstructed from 31 Fungal Genomes. 2012. Science 336: 1715-1719. Reprint Supporting materials for the paper
Inch, S., R. Ploetz, B. Held and R. Blanchette. 2012. Histological and anatomical responses in avocado, Persea Americana, induced by the vascular wilt pathogen, Raffaelea lauricola. Botany 90:627-635. Reprint
Schilling, J.S., Ai, J., Blanchette, R.A., Duncan, S.M., Filley, T.R., and Tschirner, U.W. 2012. Lignocellulose modifications by brown rot fungi and their effects, as pretreatments, on cellulolysis. Bioresource Technology 116: 147-154. Reprint
Fernandez-Fueyo, E, F. J. Ruiz-Dueñas, P. Ferreira, D. Floudas, D. S. …B. W. Held,…R. A. Blanchette, P. Kersten, A T. Martinez, R. Vicuna, and D. Cullen. 2012. Comparative genomics of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora and Phanerochaete chrysosporium provide insight into selective ligninolysis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 109:5458-5463. Reprint Supporting material for the paper
Held, B. W., B. E. Arenz and R. A. Blanchette. 2011. Factors influencing deterioration of historic structures at Deception Island, Antarctica. In Polar Settlements - Location, Techniques and Conservation. Edited by S. Barr and P. Chaplin. ICOMOS Monuments and Sites. International Polar Heritage Committee, Oslo, Norway. pp 35-43. ISBN 978-82-996891-3-7. Reprint
Arenz, B. E., B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens and R. A. Blanchette. 2011. Fungal colonization of exotic substrates in Antarctica. Fungal Diversity 49:13-22. DOI:10.1007/s13225-010-0079-4
Farrell, R. L., B. E. Arenz, S. M. Duncan, B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens and R. A. Blanchette. 2011. Introduced and indigenous fungi of the Ross Island historic huts and pristine areas of Antarctica. Polar Biology 34:1669-1677. DOI 10.1007/s00300-011-1060-8
Wymelenberg, A. V., J. Gaskell, M. Mozuch, S. BonDurant, G. Sabat, J. Ralph, O. Skyba, S. D. Mansfield, R. A. Blanchette, I. V. Grigoriev, P. J. Kersten and D. Cullan. 2011. Significant alteration of gene expression in wood decay fungi Postia placenta and Phanerochaete chrysosporium by plant species. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 77:4499-4507. Reprint
Arenz, B. E. and R. A. Blanchette. 2011. Distribution and abundance of soil fungi in Antarctica at sites on the Peninsula, Ross Sea Region and McMurdo Dry Valleys. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43:308-315. on line at: Reprint
Blanchette, R. A. 2010. Assessment of Wood deterioration in the furniture and coffin from Tumulus MM. In:The Furniture from Tumulus MM. By E. Simpson. The Gordion Wooden Objects. Volume 1. Brill, Leiden. Pages 171-176 and plates 139-149. ISBN 928-90-04165397.
Aytug, B., R. A. Blanchette and B. Held. 2010. Wood Species Identification. In: The Furniture from Tumulus MM. By E. Simpson. The Gordion Wooden Objects. Volume 1. Brill, Leiden. Pages 165-170. ISBN 9289004165397.
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held, B. E. Arenz, J. A. Jurgens, N. J. Baltes, S. M. Duncan and R. L. Farrell. 2010. An Antarctic hot spot for fungi at Shackleton's historic hut on Cape Royds. Microbial Ecology 60:29-38. Reprint
Hao, Y., Sen-yu Chen, R. A. Blanchette and Xing-Zhong Liu. 2010. Sistotrema brinkmannii, a psychrotolerant fungus from Antarctic soil. Mycosystema 29:864-868.
Duncan, S. M., R. L. Farrell, N. Jordan, J. A. Jurgens and R. A. Blanchette. 2010. Monitoring and identification of airborne fungi at hsitoric locations on Ross Island, Antarctica. Polar Science 4:275-283. Doi:10.1016/j.polar.2010.03.008
Blanchette, R. A. 2010. Microbial degradation of wood from Aquatic and Terrestrial
Environments. In Cultural Heritage Microbiology: Fundamental Studies in Conservation Science. Edited by R. Mitchell and C. J. McNamara. American Society of Microbiology Press. pp 179-218.
Perez, C. A., M. J. Wingfield, N. A. Altier, S. Simeto and R. A. Blanchette. 2010. Puccinia psidii infecting cultivated Eucalyptus and native myrtaceae in Uruguay. Mycological Progress 10:273-280 (Reprint available from the journal at doi 10.1007/s11557-010-0698-x)
Moskal-del Hoyo, M., M. Wachowiak and R. A. Blanchette. 2010. Preservation of fungi in archaeological charcoal. Journal of Archaeological Science 37:2106-2116. Reprint
Vanden Wymelenberg, A. V., J. Gaskell, M. Mozuch, G. Sabat, J. Ralph, O. Skyba, S. D. Mansfield, R. A. Blanchette, D. Martinez, I. Grigoriev, P.J. Kersten and D. Cullen. 2010. Comparative Transcriptome and Secretome analysis of wood decay fungi Postia placenta and Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Applied Environmental Microbiology 76:3599-3610. Reprint
Hokanson, S.C., V.M. Whitaker, J.M. Bradeen, M.C. Long, S.K. Krebs, R.A. Blanchette, J. Juzwik, K. Zuzek, and S. McNamara. 2010. Woody landscape plant breeding in Minnesota (45N): it's not all about cold hardiness. Acta Horticulturae 885:145-151. Reprint
Stehberg, Ruben, M. Pearson, R. A. Blanchette and J. A. Jurgens. 2009. A further note on a sealer's sledge discovered on Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. Polar Record 45:275. doi:10.1017/S0032247409008201
Jacobs, J. J., T. A. Burnes, A. J. David and R. A. Blanchette. 2009. Histopathology of primary needles and mortality associated with white pine blister rust in resistant and susceptible Pinus strobus. Forest Pathology 39:361-376. Reprint
Perez, C. A., M. J. Wingfield, N. A. Altier and R. A. Blanchette. 2009. Mycosphaerellaceae and Teratosphaeriaceae associated with Eucalyptus leaf diseases and stem cankers in Uruguay. Forest Pathology 39: 349-360. Reprint
Richards, V., Godfrey, I., Blanchette, R., Held, B., Gregory, D. & Reed, E. (2009), In-Situ Monitoring and Stabilisation of the James Matthews Site in Proceedings of the 10th ICOM Group on Wet Organic Archaeological Materials Conference, Amsterdam, 10-15 September 2007, eds K. Straetkvern & D.J. Huisman, Rijksdienst voor Archeologie, Cultuurlandschap en Monumenten (RACM), Amersfoort, pp. 113-160. Reprint
Perez, C. A., M. J. Wingfield, B. Slippers, N. A. Altier and R. A. Blanchette. 2009. Neofusicoccum eucalyptorum, a Eucalyptus pathogen, on native Myrtaceae in Uruguay. Plant Pathology 58:964-970. Reprint available from the journal web site.
Jurgens, J. A., R. A. Blanchette and T. R. Filley. 2009. Fungal diversity and deterioration in mummified woods from the ad Astra Ice Cap region in the Canadian High Arctic. Polar Biology 32:751-758. Reprint
Arenz, B. E. and R. A. Blanchette. 2009. Investigations of fungal diversity in wooden structures and soils at historic sites on the Antarctic Peninsula. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 55:46-56. Reprint
Schreiner, K. M., T. R. Filley, R. A. Blanchette, B. B. Bowen, R. D. Bolskar, W. C. Hockaday, C. A. Masiello and J. W. Raebiger. 2009. White-rot basidiomycete mediated decomposition of C60 fullerol. Environmental Science and Technology 43:3162-3168. Reprint
Konkol, N. R., C. J. McNamara, R. A. Blanchette, E. May and R. Mitchell. 2008. Microbes can damage but also help restore artifacts. Microbe 3(12): 563-567. Reprint
Perez, C. A., N. Altier, S. Simeto, M. J. Wingfield, B. Slippers and R. A. Blanchette. 2008. Botryosphaeriaceae from Eucalyptus and Native Myrtaceae in Uruguay. Agrociencia 12:19-30. Reprint
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held and J. A. Jurgens. 2008. Northumberland House, Fort Conger and the Peary Huts in the Canadian High Arctic: current condition and assessment of wood deterioration taking place. In: Historical Polar Bases – Preservation and Management. Edited by S. Barr and P. Chaplin. ICOMOS Monuments and Sites No.XVII. International Polar Heritage Committee, Oslo, Norway. pp.96. ISBN 978-82-996891-2-0. Reprint.
Graves, A. D., E. H. Holsten, M. E. Ascerno, K. P. Zogas, J. S. Hard, D. P.W. Huber, R. A. Blanchette, S. J. Seybold. 2008. Protection of spruce from colonization by the bark beetle, Ips perturbatus, in Alaska. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 1825-1839. Reprint
Perez, C. A., Z. W. de Beer, N. A. Altier, M. J. Wingfield and R. A. Blanchette. 2008. Discovery of the eucalypt pathogen Quambalaria eucalypti infecting a non-Eucalyptus host in Uruguay. Australasian Plant Pathology 37: 600-604. Reprint available from the journal web site.
Arenz, B. A. and R. A. Blanchette. 2008. East Base, SOS: Assessment of deterioration and recommendations for conserving this important Antarctic site. In: Historical Polar Bases – Preservation and Management. Edited by S. Barr and P. Chaplin. ICOMOS Monuments and Sites No.XVII. International Polar Heritage Committee, Oslo, Norway pp.96. ISBN 978-82-996891-2-0. Copies can be obtained from the IPCH. Reprint
Duncan, S. M., R. Minasaki, R. L. Farrell, J.M. Thaites, B. W. Held, B. E. Arenz, J. A. Jurgens and R. A. Blanchette. 2008. Screening fungi isolated from historic Discovery Hut on Ross Island, Antarctica for cellulose degradation. Antarctic Science 20:463-470. Reprint
Farrell, R. L., S. Duncan, R. A. Blanchette, B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens and B. E. Arenz. 2008. Scientific evaluation of deterioration of historic huts of Ross Island, Antarctica. In: Historical Polar Bases – Preservation and Management. Edited by S. Barr and P. Chaplin. ICOMOS Monuments and Sites No.XVII. International Polar Heritage Committee, Oslo, Norway pp.96. ISBN 978-82-996891-2-0. Copies can be obtained from the IPCH.
Schwingle, B. W. and R. A. Blanchette. 2008. Host range investigations of new, undescribed and common Phytophthora spp. isolated from ornamental nurseries in Minnesota. Plant Disease 92:642-647. Reprint
Burnes, T. A., R. A. Blanchette, J. A. Smith and J. J. Luby. 2008. Black currant clonal identity and white pine blister rust resistance. HortScience 43:200-202. Reprint
Schindelholz, E., R. A. Blanchette, D. Cook, M. Drews, S. Hand, B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens and B. Seifert. 2007. An Evaluation of supercritical drying and PEG/Freeze drying of waterlogged archaeological wood. Report to the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, National Park Service. MT-2210-05-NC-10. 55 pages. Reprint
Schwingle, B. W., J. A. Smith and R. A. Blanchette. 2007. Phytophthora speices associated with diseased woody ornamentals in Minnesota nurseries. Plant Disease 91:97-102. Reprint
Arenz, B. E., B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens, R. L. Farrell and R. A. Blanchette. 2006. Fungal diversity in soils and historic wood from the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica.Soil Biology and Biochemistry 38:3057-3064. Reprint
Wymelenberg, A.V., G. Sabat, M. Mozuch, P. J. Kersten, D. Cullen and R. A. Blanchette. 2006. Structure, Organization, and Transcriptional Regulation of a Family of Copper Radical Oxidase Genes in the Lignin-Degrading Basidiomycete Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Applied Environmental Microbiology 72:4871-4877. (Reprint)
Duncan, S., R. L. Farrell, J. M. Thwaites, B. W.
Held, B. E. Arenz, J. A. Jurgens and R. A. Blanchette. 2006. Endoglucanase-producing
fungi isolated from Cape Evans historic expedition hut on Ross Island,
Antarctica. Environmental Microbiology 8:1212-1219.
Smith, J.A., R. A. Blanchette, J. J. Jacobs, L. Higgins, B. A. Witthun, J. H. Gillman and A. J. David. 2006. Proteomic
comparison of needles from blister rust-resistant and susceptible
Pinus strobus seedlings reveals up-regulation of putative disease
resistance proteins. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 19: 150-160.
Smith, J.A., R. A. Blanchette, T. A. Burnes, J. H. Gillman, and A. J. David. 2006. Epicuticular wax and white pine blister
rust resistance in resistant and susceptible selections of eastern white pine (Pinus strobus) Phytopathology
96: 171-177. (Reprint)
Schwingle, B. W., J. A. Smith, R. A. Blanchette,
S. Gould, and B. L. Blanchette, J. Pokorny and S. D. Cohen. 2006.
First Report of Dieback and Leaf Lesions on Rhododendron sp. Caused
by Phytophthora hedraiandra in the United States. Plant Disease
90:109. Published on-line as DOI: 10.1094/PD-90-0109A. (Reprint)
Held, B. W., J.A. Jurgens, S.M. Duncan, R.L. Farrell
and R.A. Blanchette. 2006. Assessment of fungal diversity and deterioration
in a wooden structure at New Harbor, Antarctica. Polar Biology 29:526-531. Published
on line as DOI 10.1007/s00300-005-0084-3. (Reprint)
Thwaites, J. M., R. L. Farrell, S. Duncan, S. D.
Reay, R. A. Blanchette, E. Hadar, Y. Hadar, T. C. Harrington and D. McNew. 2005. Survey of potential sapstain
fungi on Pinus radiata in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany
Kromroy, K. W., R.A. Blanchette and D.F. Grigal.
2005. Armillaria species on small woody plants, small woody debris,
and root fragments in red pine stands. Canadian Journal of Forest
Research 35: 1487-1495. (Reprint)
Held, B. W., J. A. Jurgens, B. E. Arenz, S. M.
Duncan, R. L. Farrell and R. A. Blanchette. 2005. Environmental
factors influencing microbial growth inside the historic huts of
Ross Island, Antarctica. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation
Smith, J. A., R. A. Blanchette and G. Newcombe. 2004. Molecular and morphological characterization of
the willow rust fungus, Melampsora epitea, from arctic and temperate
hosts in North America. Mycologia 96 1330-1338. (Reprint)
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens and
J. E. Haight. 2004. Wood deterioration in Chacoan great houses of
the southwestern United States. Conservation and Management of Archaeological
Sites 6:204-212. (Reprint)
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens, J.
Aislabie, S. Duncan and R. L. Farrell. 2004. Environmental pollutants
from the Scott and Shackleton expeditions during the 'Heroic Age'
of Antarctic exploration. Polar Record 40:143-151. (Reprint)
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens, D.L.
McNew, T. C. Harrington, S. M. Duncan and R. L. Farrell. 2004. Wood
destroying soft rot fungi in the historic expedition huts of Antarctica.
Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70:1328-1335. (Reprint)
Farrell, R. L., R. A. Blanchette, M. Auger, S.
M. Duncan, B. W. Held, J. A. Jurgens and R. Minasaki. 2004. Scientific
evaluation of deterioration in historic huts of Ross Island, Antarctica.
In: S. Barr and P. Chaplin (Eds.), Polar Monuments and Sites: Cultural
Heritage in the Arctic and Antarctica Regions. ICOMOS Monuments
and Sites Number VIII. Available from the International
Polar Heritage Committee
Ford, D., M. Demas, N. Agnew, R. Blanchette, S.
Maekawa, M. Taylor and K. Dowdy. 2004. Chaco Canyon reburial programme.
Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 6:177-202.
Jurgens, J.A., R. A. Blanchette and D. N. Carlson.
2003. Evaluating the Wooden Remnants of the Tektas Burnu Shipwreck.
In: Koestler, R.J., Koestler, V.R., Charola, A.E., and Nieto-Fernandez,
F.E., (Eds.), Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of
Works of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 390-409.
Blanchette, R.A., 2003. Deterioration in Historic
and Archaeological Woods from Terrestrial Sites. In: Koestler, R. J.,
Koestler, V. R., Charola, A.E., and Nieto-Fernandez, F. E., (Eds.),
Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 328-347.(Reprint)
Jurgens, J. A., R. A. Blanchette, P. J. Zambino
and A. David. 2003. Histology of white pine blister rust in needles
of resistant and susceptible eastern white pine. Plant Disease 87:1026-1030.
Held, B. W., J. M. Thwaites, R. L. Farrell, and
R. A. Blanchette. 2003. Albino strains of Ophiostoma species for
biological control of sapstaining fungi. Holzforschung 57:237-242.
Blanchette, R. A., C. C. Renner, B. W. Held, C. Enoch, and S. Angstman. 2002. The current use of Phellinus igniarius by the Eskimos of Western Alaska. Mycologist 16(4): 142-145. Reprint
Blanchette, R. A., B. W. Held and R. L. Farrell. 2002. Defibration of wood in the expedition huts of Antarctica: an unusual deterioration process occurring in the polar environment. Polar Record 38: 313-322. Reprint
Morse, A. C. and R. A. Blanchette. 2002. Etiology of Red Stain in Boxelder. Plant Health Progress. doi:10.1094/PHP-2002-0917-01-RS Reprint
Smith, J. A., R. A. Blanchette, M. E. Ostry and N. A. Anderson. 2002. Etiology of bronze leaf disease of Populus. Plant Disease 86:462-469. Reprint
Tennessen, D., R. A. Blanchette and T. C. Windes. 2002. Differentiating aspen and cottonwood in prehistoric wood from the Chacoan great house ruins. Journal of Archaeological Science 29:521-527. Reprint
Filley, T. R., R. A. Blanchette, E. Simpson and M. L. Fogel. 2001. Nitrogen cycling by wood decomposing soft rot fungi in the ‘King Midas Tomb’, Gordian, Turkey. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98:13346-13350. Reprint
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University of Minnesota Forest Research Station in Cloquet, Minnesota where some of our forest disease research studies are carried out.
The emerald ash borer is attacking ash trees in many areas of the United States including Minnesota. A new paper reports the fungi associated with the beetle to better understand the canker casuing fungi, decay fungi and entomopathogens that are found with it.
A cross section of decayed wood from the Peary expedition huts in the High Arctic on northern Ellesmere Island. Soft rot fungi are attacking the wood causing extensive decay within the cell walls. The fungi causing this decay in these historic structures have been identified in our recent publication.
Sampling archaeological sites from Viking and Indigenous settlements in Greenland. Climate change is defrosting soils and archaeological wood. Decay of this historic wood is acclerating. For more information see our Greenland study
Mycelium of decay fungi on timbers in the Soudan Iron Ore Mine. See this link for more on subterranean fungi
Sampling for the fungus that causes white-nose syndrone of bats in Mystery Cave, MN
Sections of avocado wood showing differences in vessel size among resistant and susceptable cultivars.
Fungi such as this sulfur shelf can cause serious decay problems in trees. See this link for more information on the action behind the polypores
A glossy Ganoderma in the Ganoderma lucidum complex. Lots of studies (see publication list) have been published on the species in North America and around the world.
An extraordinary fruiting body of Ganoderma with finger-like projections. This was collected by anthropologist Patrick Putnam in 1925 from Dutch New Guinea (now called the West Paupa Province in the Republic of Indonesia). It was a powerful object worn around the neck of a headman or medicine man. This object is in the collection of Harvard University Peabody Museum in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It represents one of the rare wonders of the fungal world. For more information see my recent article in FUNGI Magazine.
Deception Island Antarctica showing the Historic Whalers Station near the shoreline and the NSF research ship, The Nathaniel B. Palmer, during our expedition to the island to study the diverse fungi that are attacking the historic structures there. See results from this expedition in an article published in Fungal Biology
Decay in ancient Egyptian wood from Abydos is being investigated in collaboration with the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology at the University of Michigan and Professor Ahmed Abdel-Azeem from Egypt.
Dutch elm disease continues to kill elms in Minnesota. We are currently screening Minnesota elms that survive in areas where all other elms have died to select those that have resistance.
Mycosphaerella and other leaf diseases on Eucalyptus are a serious problem in Uruguay and in many other countries. Our international research projects are helping to identify these exotic pathogens and to learn more about their biology and ecology so they can be successfully controlled.
Our research in Asia is helping poor rural farmers have a better life. Professor Blanchette is seen holding a section of a plantation grown Aquilaria tree that has been induced to form a valuable resin called agarwood. The resin, used for 1000's of years as incense, in perfumes and a component of traditional medicine, forms in old growth trees which are now endangered due to indiscriminate harvesting. Technology developed at the University of Minnesota has provided the world's first cultivated agarwood sustainably produced in plantations and a new economic crop for farmers.
Ancient furniture from the King Midas Tomb (700BC) on display in the Anatolian Civilizations Museum, Ankara, Turkey. The large wooden tomb located in Gordion, Turkey contained magnificent furniture. Although ravaged over the millennia by decay fungi, our research has helped conservators preserve the furniture and the wooden tomb structure as well as understand the biology of an ancient fungus.
Scanning electron micrograph of uredinia spores from white pine
Forests in southern Bhutan where research and demonstration trials for agarwood production were done
Transverse section of sound birch
wood showing the microstructure of wood cells.
Apothecia of Chlorociboria, a fungus that causes a brilliant greenish blue stain in wood
Field research at Ellesmere Island
in the Canadian High Arctic
Fungal biodiversity study site at Cape Royds, Antarctica
Basidiocarp of Ganoderma fruiting in Thailand
Gall rust, Peridermium harknessii, with aeciospores on jack pine
Old growth tree (Gyrinops) at one of our field research sites in Asia
Amanita fruiting in a red pine forest at the University of Minnesota Forest Research Station in Cloquet, Minnesota
Red stain in boxelder. Did you know the late Dr. Norman Borlaug one of the most distinquished graduates of our department (who received the Nobel Peace Prize, Congressional Gold Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom for his role in the green revolution and development of high-yield disease resistant wheat varieties) also worked in forest pathology and his MS research at the University of Minnesota was on determining the cause of red stain in boxelder trees. For new information on red stain see our publication in Plant Health Progress